This resource explains:
Phase 1: Assemble The Appropriate Aquarium Setting
Your fish will only survive in an aquarium if they’re kept in an aquarium that features appropriate aquarium settings for them.
Aquarium settings including:
- Tank requirements (tank size, population density, canopy, and lighting)
- Decor & substrate
- Water parameters
- Feeding regimens
- Tank mates
The trick is, different species of fish require different aquarium settings. So, to prepare an appropriate aquarium setting for your fish, research what settings your species of fish requires. You can do so by reading our Resources, or by checking Animal World.
After you determine the appropriate aquarium setting, put all the parts of your aquarium together (stand, tank, canopy, decor, substrate, filter), fill it with water, then add the appropriate amount of Nutrafin Aqua Plus to it (refer to the product label) to remove the chlorine that’s in tap water.
Phase 2: Cycle Your Aquarium
Cycling is the process in which an aquarium develops the populations of bacteria that breaks down Ammonia and Nitrites. If your aquarium doesn’t have these colonies of bacteria, your aquarium’s water parameters will have high concentrations of Ammonia and Nitrite – which is unhealthy for your fish. As a result, you need to ensure your aquarium is cycled. There are two ways you can do this:
The Fish Cycle is the simpler method. To do it, add 2-3 fish to your aquarium and nature will do the rest. Your aquarium will be cycled after it has been running with fish in it for a month or two.
If you decide to use the Fish Cycle method, use fish that have reputations for being hardy – like Minnows, Tetras, and Guppies.
Step 1) Using Ammonium Chloride, raise your aquarium’s Ammonia concentration to 3ppm.
Use this calculator to determine how much Ammonium Chloride needs to be added to your aquarium to achieve this:
Step 3) Using a Freshwater Master Test Kit, determine your aquarium’s Ammonia and Nitrite concentration at the same time everyday.
If your aquarium’s Ammonia concentration is 0.1-3ppm one day, add the necessary amount of Ammonium Chloride to it to bring its Ammonia concentration back up to 3ppm. Use this calculator to determine how much Ammonium Chloride this equates to for you:
However, if your aquarium’s Ammonia and Nitrite concentrations are both 0pmm one day (which usually happens after 6-8 weeks for a new aquarium), proceed to Step 4.
Step 4) Using a siphon, remove 20% of the water from the bottom of your aquarium.
Step 5) Top up your aquarium’s water level with de-chlorinated water.
To de-chlorinate your aquarium water, use Nutrafin Aqua Plus.
Phase 3: Introduce Your Fish To Their Aquarium
If you adopt your fish from a contaminated source, your aquarium may become infected. As a result, you need to ensure you only adopt ones that are kept in a healthy environment.
They can be adopted from:
Adopting them from an online fish store is:
- The most convenient option – they are shipped directly to you door.
- The healthiest option – instead of them being shipped between multiple suppliers and retailers until they are sold, they are shipped directly to you from the breeder.
Adopting them from a local fish store is:
- The most expensive option – local fish stores have high overhead costs which result in higher prices.
- The quickest option – most local fish stores will have them in stock.
Adopting them from a fishkeeper is:
- The cheapest option – most fishkeepers sell their fish at a very reasonable price.
- The option that requires the most work – you need to spend time checking Kijiji/Craigslist ads to find them in your area.
After you’ve adopted your fish, you can’t just transfer them to their new aquarium because fish are sensitive to drastic changes in water parameters. So if the water parameters in the bag are too different than the aquarium you’re introducing them to, they may be harmed. To avoid any issues, you should acclimate them to their aquarium.
Step 1) Place your fish in a bucket.
Remember, you should always avoid using a bucket that is used for other purposes because it could have harmful bacteria in it.
Step 2) Using an Acclimation Kit, siphon water from your aquarium into the bucket with the fish at a rate of 2-4 drips per second until the water level inside the bucket triples.
Doing this will slowly adjust the water parameters inside the bucket to be very close the water parameters inside your aquarium. After the water level has tripled, your fish will be adjusted to your aquarium water, so it is safe to transfer them into your aquarium.
- As soon as possible – Educate yourself on common fish diseases.
- Twice per day – Feed your fish as much food as they can consume in 2 minutes. Be sure to research which foods are considered healthiest for your specific species of fish. You can do so by reading our Resources, or by checking Animal World.
- Once per week – Clean their aquarium.
Before you go:
- Read our Resources and Tools & Guides to further your fishkeeping knowledge.
- Learn about Land Of Fish.
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