The Honey Gourami Resource

Honey Gourami

Honey Gourami“Honey Gourami” is the common name for the Trichogaster chuna species.

Adult size: 3 inches
Minimum tank size: 10 gallon
pH: 6.0-8.0
Temperature: 72-82°F (22-28°C)
Decor: Rocks, Driftwood, and Plants
Substrate: Any
Lighting: 8-10 hrs/day
Diet: Omnivore

How To Keep Honey Gouramis
How To Breed Honey Gouramis
Other Information About Honey Gouramis

 

How to Keep Honey Gouramis


Adoption

If you adopt Honey Gouramis from a contaminated source, your aquarium may become infected. As a result, you need to ensure you only adopt ones that are kept in a healthy environment.

They can be adopted from:

Before adopting them, understand:

  • Honey Gouramis have an average life expectancy of 4-8 years.
  • Honey Gouramis may be identified under the common names of: Red Honey Gourami, Fire Honey Gourami, Flame Honey Gourami, Gold Honey Gourami and Honey Sunset Gourami

Tank Requirements

• Tank Size & Population Density

If your Honey Gouramis are in an aquarium that is overstocked, they will become stressed – weakening their immune systems – causing them to be more prone to diseases, and they won’t grow to their appropriate size. As a result, you need to follow the rule of one inch of fish per gallon of water, but keep in mind:

  • Honey Gouramis must be kept in at least a 10 gallon aquarium.
  • Honey Gouramis grow to be 3 inches long

How do I setup a fish tank? (Opens new tab)
How do I determine the size of my aquarium? (Opens new tab)

• Canopy & Lighting

The canopy of your aquarium ensures:

  • Your fish don’t jump out of your aquarium.
  • No contaminates enter your aquarium.

As a result, equip your aquarium with a canopy that completely covers it.

As far as lighting goes, if you want your Honey Gouramis to be most comfortable, the amount of light they get needs to mimic the amount of sunlight they receive in their natural habitat. The amount of time you should leave their aquarium’s lights on to achieve this varies. If it’s in a room that doesn’t get a lot of sunlight, you should turn their lights on during sunlight hours. However, if it’s is in a well-lit room, then 2-3 hours per day is all that is necessary.


Decor & Substrate

When keeping Honey Gouramis, they will thrive if you decorate their aquarium with decor and substrate that mimics their natural habitat.

The natural decor for them consists mainly of rocks, driftwood, and plants, so you should add plenty of them to their aquarium. When arranging these things though, you need to ensure you:

  • Make sure there are plenty of open swimming areas.
  • Place the decor in a fashion that allows you to see them – don’t create a barrier for them to hide behind.

Sand or gravel are both suitable options for Honey Gouramis. In either case, you need to ensure you:

  • Clean their substrate beforehand. Otherwise, the residue that is on it will make their aquarium cloudy.
  • Fill their aquarium with at least 2 inches of substrate.

Water Parameters

If the water in your Honey Gouramis’ aquarium doesn’t reflect that of their natural habitat, they can become stressed – weakening their immune systems – causing them to be more prone to diseases. As a result, you need to ensure their aquarium has a pH level of 6.0-8.0 and a temperature of 72-82°F (22-28°C).

• pH
pH can be measured by using a Freshwater Master Test Kit. If you measure your water’s pH level and it needs to be altered: remove your fish, adjust the pH, then acclimate your fish back into your aquarium – since they are sensitive to drastic changes of pH.

• Temperature
To measure your aquarium’s water temperature, equip your aquarium with an aquarium thermometer.


Ammonia, Nitrites, & Nitrates

The subject of Ammonia, Nitrites, and Nitrates tends to be very dry. In its simplest form, they are all a byproduct of fish waste (fish poop & uneaten food) and are toxic to Honey Gouramis. As a result, you need to ensure their aquarium has:

  • An Ammonia concentration of 0-0.2 mg/L.
  • A Nitrite concentration of 0-0.2 mg/L.
  • A Nitrate concentration of 0-20 mg/L.

If you need to test these concentrations, use a Freshwater Master Test Kit.

If you need to reduce these concentrations, ensure proper:


Feeding

Honey Gouramis are omnivores, so their diet regimen should consist of meats and vegetables.

They should be fed twice per day – for a total of 14 feedings per week. For a majority of the feedings, they should be fed a staple food consisting of either flakes or pellets. For the other feedings, they should be fed special foods.

During each feeding, they should be fed as much food as they can eat in 2-3 minutes. The exact foods they should be fed varies, depending on their size:

Of course, this is just our feeding method. You are more than welcome to design your own diet for your Honey Gouramis. In either case though, ensure you:


Health Issues

Honey Gouramis are very hardy fish, so health issues are not usually a problem with them. With that being said it is still possible for them to get all of the typical health problems for fish such as ich, bacterial infections, and external parasites.


Tank Mates

If you are keeping them with other Honey Gouramis then 1 male will peacefully co-exist with a group of females. So, unless you have a very large tank of 75 gallons or larger, you should avoid putting males together to avoid aggressive behavior.

As far as pairing them with other species goes, Honey Gouramis are a very peaceful fish that should be paired with similar behavior fish. Peaceful barbs, corydoras, platys, tetras and loaches all make great tank mates. Aggressive and territorial fish such as cichlids should be avoided

If you are ever unsure if two species are compatible or not, check this Compatibility Chart.


 

How to Breed Honey Gouramis


Reproduction Process

The reproduction process for the Honey Gourami begins with the fish building a bubble nest. Bubble nests are built through oral secretion. The Gourami will use plants to help bind all of the bubbles together.

Prior to spawning, the female will begin filling out with eggs. At this point she will begin to fill out in her mid section, growing significantly larger. When a male sees a plump female, he will try to court her by darkening his colors and displaying himself diagonally in front of her. He will frequently swim between the nest and the female in attempt to get her attention focused on the spawn. The male will continue to do this until the female makes her way to the nest.

At this point the female will lay anywhere from 20-30 eggs, at this time, the male will immediately fertilize them. After the fertilization the male will arrange the eggs in the nest and then then repeat the process. This will occur several times until there are about 200-300 fertilized eggs in the nest.

Once the spawn is complete, the male remains near the nest to protect it from any other fish including his female mate. Fry will hatch after 48 hours and become free swimming 3-4 days after they hatch.


Our Recommended Breeding Technique

Required Aquariums:

  • 20 gallon (breeder)
  • 10 gallon (grow-out)

Instructions:

  • Decorate a 20 gallon aquarium with 6-8 inches of water, also include lots of plants. Doing so, makes them more comfortable
  • Place 1 male and 2-4 female Honey Gouramis into the aquarium and provide them with the appropriate aquarium setting.
  • After the spawning has occurred the female will hold the eggs in her mouth for 21-28 days. Once the fry are free swimming, relocate them to a 10 gallon grow-out aquarium.
  • You will need to regulate and maintain a temperature of 80 – 84° F
  • Once the spawn has occured, the fry will be free swimming within 3-4 days. Once they are free swimming, relocate the fry into a 10 gallon grow out tank.
  • The grow out tank should not have any decorations or substrate, this makes it easier for the baby fry to eat. It should also have a sponge filter so they don’t get sucked up.
  • In the early stages, it is best to feed your Honey Gourami Fry New Life Spectrum Small Fry Starter.

 

Other Information About Honey Gouramis


Origin

The Honey Gourami is a freshwater species that is from the Osphronemidae family. Their native habitat consists of rivers and lakes in North Eastern India and Bangladesh. It homes itself in pond-like areas, as well as flooded fields with thick vegetation and soft waters. The Gourami is a very hardy fish as it is forced to endure severe changes in water quality due to annual monsoons during the summer months.


Conservation Status

The Conservation Status of Honey Gouramis was most recently published in 2006 as Least Concern, according to the IUCN.


Taxonomic Status

The Taxonomic Status of Honey Gouramis was most recently published in 1822 by Francis Buchanan-Hamilton as:

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Osphronemidae
Genus: Trichogaster
Species: T. Chuna

 


 


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